Storage in computer

Storage in computer

Storage in computer

Storage in computer: Storage is a process through which digital data is saved within a data storage device by means of computing technology. Storage is a mechanism that enables a computer to retain data, either temporarily or permanently.

System use information in binary (0 and 1) that’s called bits and bits are the information of the system. meaning systems store data and perform calculations using only (0 and 1) zeros and ones. system store this data into some devices that is called storage.

Digital information is written to focus on storage media through the utilization of software commands. the littlest unit of measure in exceeding hardware may be a bit, described with a binary value of 0 or 1, in keeping with the amount of electrical voltage contained in a very single capacitor. Eight bits compose one byte.

Other capacity measurements to know are:

  • kilobit (Kb)

  • megabit (Mb)

  • gigabit (Gb)

  • terabit (Tb)

  • petabit (Pb)

  • exabit (Eb)

Larger measures include:

  • kilobyte (KB) equal to 1,024 bytes

  • megabyte (MB) equal to 1,024 KB

  • gigabyte (GB) equal to 1,024 MB

  • terabyte (TB) equal to 1,024 GB

  • petabyte (PB) equal to 1,024 TB

  • exabyte (EB) equal to 1,024 PB

Binary is called data and which device or component is storing it that is called storage.


Storage in computer

Clarification storage: those are divided into 2 types:

  • Volatile Storage (Memory) or Temporary storage: Requires a never-ending supply of electricity to store/retain data. It acts as a computer’s primary storage for temporarily storing data and handling application workloads. samples of storage include cache memory and random access memory (RAM).

  • Non-Volatile Storage (Permanent Storage): a kind of storage mechanism that retains digital data whether or not it’s powered off or isn’t furnished with power. this is often said as a memory device mechanism and is employed for permanent data storage requiring I/O operations. samples of the store include a tough disk, USB storage, and optical media.

storage tyape

Common storage devices: Commonly using devices or family devices below

  • Hard disks.

  • Flash drives.

  • Floppy diskettes.

  • Tape drives.

  • CD-ROM disks.

  • Blu-ray disks.

  • Memory cards.

  • Cloud drives.

Bit, byte, and kilobyte